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The "Monarch" on the title of this work series is a reference to the monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus), recurrent in several of the Fábio Carvalho's art works since 2012, and it was precisely in this series that this reference was first used.
The use of the monarch butterfly in his works goes far beyond the simple fact that butterflies are usually associated with the fragile and delicate feminine universe, which, in opposition to the symbols usually thought of as masculine, of force and virility, like the military, form the main dialectic of Carvalho's artistic production, which seeks to raise a discussion about gender stereotypes, and to question the common sense that strength and fragility, virility and poetry, masculinity and vulnerability cannot go side by side.
The use of the reference to the monarch butterfly also appears as a counterpoint to the camouflage of military uniforms. Monarch butterflies are toxic, and therefore avoided by predators. There are other non-venomous butterfly species that mimic (imitates) the monarch's exuberant pattern, which are also avoided by predators. With the camouflage, one tries to mix to the environment, not to be seen. In mimicry, the opposite happens, it is a question of drawing a lot of attention. Both are, however, equally strategies of survival and protection, which aim to confuse and deceive, by pretending to be something that one is not.